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An Ultimate Ungulate Fact Sheet
Tragulus nigricans
Balabac chevrotain
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Literature Cited

Allen, J. A., and J. R. White. 1910. Mammals from Palawan Island, Philippine Islands. Bulletin of the AMNH; 28: 13-17.

CITES (Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna). 2009. Appendix I, II, and III as adopted by the Conference of the Parties, valid from 22 May 2009. Available online at the CITES website.

Lydekker, R. 1915. Catalogue of the Ungulate Mammals in the British Museum of Natural History, Volume IV. London: the Order of the Trustees of the British Museum.

Meijaard, E., and C. P. Groves. 2004. A taxonomic revision of the Tragulus mouse-deer (Artiodactyla). Journal of the Linnean Society of London; 140(1): 63-102.

Nowak, R. M. [editor]. 1991. Walker's Mammals of the World (Fifth Edition). Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press.

Oliver, W. L. R. 1992. Threatened endemic Artiodactyla of the Philippines: status and future priorities. International Zoo Yearbook; 32: 131–144.

Rabor, D. S. 1977. Philippine Birds and Mammals: A project of the U. P. Science Education Center. Quezon City: University of Philippines Press.

Rabor, D. S. 1986. Guide to the Philippine Flora and Fauna, Vol. XI: Birds, Mammals. Natural Resources Management Centre, Ministry of Natural Resources and Univ. of the Philippines.

Widmann, P. 2015. Tragulus nigricans. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015. Available online at the IUCN Redlist website.

Additional Resources

*Alviola, P. L., III. 1998. Land vertebrates of Calauit Island, Palawan, Philippines. Asia Life Sciences; 7(2): 157-170.

*Anon. 1993. Status of the Balabac chevrotain Tragulus (napu?) nigricans. IUCN/SSC Deer Specialist Group Newsletter 11: 4.

*Dobroruka, L. J. 1972. Zur Frage der Inselmelanismen bein Großkantschil, Tragulus napu F. Cuvier, 1822. Zoologischer Anzeiger; 188(1-2): 36-39.

Heaney, L. R., E. K. Walker, B. R. Tabaranza Jr., and N. Ingle. 2002. Mammalian diversity in the Philippines: an assessment of the adequacy of current data. Sylvatrop, The Philippine Forest Research Journal; 10: 6-27.

Rico, E. L., and W. L. R. Oliver. 2008. Biodiversity conservation priorities in the Calamian Islands – gaps and opportunities. Palawan Council for Sustainable Development (PCSD, Government of the Philippines).

*Sanborn, C.C. 1952. Philippine Zoological Expedition 1946-47. Fieldiana: Zoology; 33: 89-158.

*Steere, J. B. 1888. A Month in Palawan. The American Naturalist; 22(254): 142-145

Timm, R. M., and E. C. Birney. 1980. Mammals Collected by the Menage Scientific Expedition to the Philippine Islands and Borneo, 1890-1893. Journal of Mammalogy; 61(3): 566-571.

Quick Facts Detailed Information References