Home | Ungulates | About Us | Glossary | Links | Search | Contact Us
An Ultimate Ungulate Fact Sheet
Tragelaphus buxtoni
Mountain nyala
Click on the pictures above for larger views of the photographs
Quick Facts Detailed Information References

Literature Cited

Alden, P. C., R. D. Estes, D. Schlitter, and B. McBride. 1995. National Audubon Society Field Guide to African Wildlife. New York: Chanticleer Press.

Brown, L. 1969a. Ethiopia's elusive nyala. Animals 12: 340-344.

Brown, L. H. 1969b. Observations on the status, habitat, and behaviour of the mountain nyala Tragelaphus buxtoni in Ethiopia. Mammalia 33: 545-597.

CITES (Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna). 2009. Appendix I, II, and III as adopted by the Conference of the Parties, valid from 22 May 2009. Available online at the CITES website.

East, R. [compiler]. 1999. African Antelope Database 1998. IUCN/SSC Antelope Specialist Group. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK: IUCN.

Evangelista, P., P. Swartzinski, and R. Waltermire. 2007. A profile of the mountain nyala (Tragelaphus buxtoni). African Indaba, 5(2). 48 pp.

IEA (Institute of Applied Ecology) 1998. Tragelaphus buxtoni. In African Mammals Databank - A Databank for the Conservation and Management of the African Mammals Vol 1 and 2. Bruxelles: European Commission Directorate. Available online at the African Mammals Databank.

Sillero-Zubiri, C. 2008. Tragelaphus buxtoni. In IUCN 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2010.1. Available online at the IUCN Red List website.

Kingdon, J. 1997. The Kingdon Field Guide to African Mammals. Academic Press, London and New York: NaturalWorld.

Lydekker, R. 1911. On the mountain nyala, Tragelaphus buxtoni. Proceedings of the Royal Zoological Society of London. February 21: 348-353.

Nowak, R. M. [editor]. 1991. Walker's Mammals of the World (Fifth Edition). Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press.

Refera, B., and A. Bekele. 2004. Population status and structure of mountain nyala in the Bale Mountains National Park, Ethiopia. African Journal of Ecology 42(1): 1-7.

Shuker, K. 1993. The Lost Ark: new and rediscovered animals of the Twentieth Century. London: HarperCollinsPublishers.

Walther, F. R. 1990. Spiral-horned antelopes. In Grzimek's Encyclopedia of Mammals. Edited by S. P. Parker. New York: McGraw-Hill. Volume 5, pp. 344-359.

Wilson, D. E., and D. M. Reeder [editors]. 1993. Mammal Species of the World (Second Edition). Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press. Available online at the Mammal Species of the World website.

Additional Resources

Burton & Pearson. 1987. Rare Mammals of the World. Stephen Greene Press, Lexington, MA, USA.

Dorst, J., and P. Dandelot. 1970. A Field Guide to the Larger Mammals of Africa. London: Collins.

Evangelista, P. 2006. The range and distribution of mountain nyala (Tragelaphus buxtoni). A Report to the Ethiopian Wildlife Department, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

*Evangelista, P. H., J. Norman, L. Berhanu, S. Kumar, and N. Alley. 2008. Predicting habitat suitability for the endemic mountain nyala (Tragelaphus buxtoni) in Ethiopia. Wildlife Research; 35: 409-416.

Gebre Kidan, W. 1996. The status of the mountain nyala (Tragelaphus buxtoni) in Bale Mountains National Park 1986-1994. Walia; 17: 27-37.

Haltenorth, T., and H. Diller. 1980. The Collins Field Guide to the Mammals of Africa including Madagascar. Lexington, MA: The Stephen Greene Press.

Hillman, J. C. 1985. The mountain nyala. Acacia; 6: 39-46.

Hillman, J. C. 1986. Conservation in Bale Mountains National Park, Ethiopia. Oryx 20:89.

Hillman, J. C., and S. M. Hillman. 1987. The mountain nyala (Tragelaphus buxtoni) and Simien fox (Canis simensis) in the Bale Mountains National Park. Walia; 10: 3-6.

Malcolm, J., and P. Evangelista. 2004. The range and status of the mountain nyala (2002). A Report to the Ethiopian Wildlife Conservation Department, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

*Oboussier, H. 1978. Notes on the mountain nyala Tragelaphus buxtoni and bongo Taurotragus euryceros: A comparison of body and brain structure. Zeitschrift fuer Saeugetierkunde; 43(2): 114-125.

Raethel, H. 1980. Keeping mountain nyala (Tragelaphus buxtoni) in the Berlin Zoo, 1932-1943. Zoo Report, Berlin Zoo; 4: 55-62.

Stephens, P. A., d'Sa, C. A., Z. C. Sillero, W. N. Leader. 2001. Impact of livestock and settlement on the large mammalian wildlife of Bale Mountains National Park, southern Ethiopia. Biological Conservation 100 (3): 307-322.

Stuart, C., and T. Stuart. 1996. Africa's Vanishing Wildlife. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institute Press.

Woldegebriel, G. K. 1996. The status of mountain nyala (Tragelaphus buxtoni) in Bale Mountains National Park 1986 - 1994. Walia 17: 27-37.

Yalden, D. W., and M. J. Largen. 1992. The endemic mammals of Ethiopia. Mammal Review 22(3/4): 115-150.

Quick Facts Detailed Information References