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An Ultimate Ungulate Fact Sheet
Nilgiritragus hylocrius
Nilgiri tahr
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Literature Cited

Alempath, M. and Rice, C. 2008. Nilgiritragus hylocrius. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T9917A13026736. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2008.RLTS.T9917A13026736.en. Downloaded on 31 May 2017.

Bernischke, K. and Kumamoto, A.T. 1980. The chromosomes of the Nilgiri tahr Hemitragus hylocrius. International Zoo Yearbook 20: 274-275.

Fox, L.J., and Johnsingh, A.J.T. 1997. India. Pp. 215-231 in Shackleton, D.M. (ed) 1997. Wild sheep and goats and their relatives. Status survey and conservation action plan for Caprinae. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK: IUCN.

Kannery, S.S. 2002. Ponmudi-Ibex Hill: Vanishing habitat of an isolated population of Nilgiri tahr. Caprinae (Newsletter of the IUCN/SSC Caprinae Specialist Group) August 2002: 5.

Lydekker, R. 1913. Catalogue of the Ungulate Mammals in the British Museum (Natural History). London and New York: Johnson Reprint Company.

Mishra, C., and Johnsingh, A.J.T. 1998. Population and conservation status of the Nilgiri tahr Hemitragus hylocrius in Anamalai Hills, south India. Biological Conservation 86(2): 199-206.

Nowak, R.M. [editor]. 1991. Walker's Mammals of the World (Fifth Edition). Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press.

Prater, S.H. 1971. The Book of Indian Animals (Third Edition). Bombay, India: Bombay Natural History Society.

Ropiquet, A. and Hassanin, A. 2005. Molecular evidence for the polyphyly of the genus Hemitragus (Mammalia, Bovidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 36: 154168.

Rice, C.G. 1988. Habitat, population dynamics, and conservation of the Nilgiri tahr (Hemitragus hylocrius). Biological Conservation 44(3): 137-156.

Rice, C.G. 1990. Tahrs (Genus Hemitragus). Pp.542-544 in Parker, S.P. (ed.) 1990. Grzimek's Encyclopedia of Mammals, Volume 5. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Robinson, M. 2005. The Arabian tahr: A review of its biology and conservation. Caprinae (Newsletter of the IUCN/SSC Caprinae Specialist Group) October 2005: 2-4.

Wilson, C.G. 1980. The breeding and management of the Nilgiri tahr Hemitragus hylocrius at Memphis Zoo. International Zoo Yearbook 20: 104-106.

Additional Resources

**Abraham, S.K., Easa, P.S., and Sivaram, M. 2006. Status and distribution of Nilgiri Tahr Hemitragus hylocrius in Kerala part of the Western Ghats. Zoos Print Journal 21(9): 2379-2385.

Balakrishnan, M. 1984. The larger mammals and their endangered habitat in the Silent Valley forests of south India. Biological Conservation 29(3): 277-286.

Chandran, P.R. 1980. Nilgiri tahr (Hemitragus hylocrius) in captivity. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 77: 129-130.

Daniel, J. 1971. The Nilgiri tahr, Hemitragus hylocrius Ogilby, in the High Range, Kerala and the southern hills of the Western Ghats. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 67: 535-542.

Daniel, M. 1987. A short note on a new found group of tahr. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 84: 673-674.

Davidar, E.R.C. 1963. Census of the Nilgiri tahr Hemitragus hylocrius (Ogilby) in the Nilgiris. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 60: 251-252.

Davidar, E.R.C. 1971. A note on the status of the Nilgiri tahr (Hemitragus hylocrius) on the Grass Hills in the Anamallais. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 68: 347-354.

Davidar, E.R.C. 1975. The Nilgiri tahr. Oryx 13: 205-211.

Davidar, E.R.C. 1976. Census of the Nilgiri tahr in the Nilgiris. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 73: 143-148.

Davidar, E.R.C. 1978. Distribution and status of the Nilgiri tahr (Hemitragus hylocrius) 1975-1978. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 75: 815-844.

Davidar, E.R.C. 1990. The Nilgiri tahr of the Nilgiris. Tahr (Newsletter of the Nilgiri Wildlife and Environment Association) 1(1): 10-11.

Davidar, E.R.C., and Townsend, H.L. [editors]. 1977. Nilgiri Wild Life Association Centenary 1877-1977. Ooty, India: Nilgiri Wild Life Association. 90pp.

Ensthaler, J.D. 1980. Nilgiri-Tahr: Zwischen Wachtern und Wildern. Sielmanns Tierwelt 9(4): 40-47.

Fischer, C. 1915. The Nilgiri wild goat (Hemitragus hylocrius Jerdon). Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 24: 189.

Hutton, A. 1947. The Nilgiri tahr (Hemitragus hylocrius). Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 47: 374-376.

Java, R.L. 1980. The Nilgiri tahr (Hemitragus hylocrius). Tigerpaper 16(1): 31-32.

Johnsingh, A.J.T. 1970. An interesting behaviour of three Nilgiri tahr (Hemitragus hylocrius Ogilby 1833) kids. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 76: 154.

Killmar, L.E. 1982. Management problems of large mixed species exhibits at the San Diego Wild Animal Park. American Association of Zoological Parks and Aquariums Annual Conference Proceedings 1982: 229-234.

Kinloch, A. 1926. The Nilgiri tahr (Hemitragus hylocrius). Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 31: 520-521.

Madhusudan, M.D., and Johnsingh, A.J.T. 1998. Analysis of habitat-use using ordination: The Nilgiri tahr in southern India. Current Science Bangalore 74(11): 1000-1003.

Nielsen, N.O., Oosterhuis, J., Janssen, D., McColl, K., Anderson, M.P., and Heuschele, W.P. 1988. Fatal respiratory disease in Nilgiri tahr: Possibly malignant catarrhal fever. Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research 52: 216-221.

Ogilby, W. 1838. Exhibition of the skins of two species of the genus Kemas. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 5: 81.

Pichner, J. [editor]. 1988. 1987 North American Regional Nilgiri Tahr Studbook. Apple Valley, Minnesota: Minnesota Zoological Gardens. 35pp.

Pillai, N.G. 1963. The Nilgiri tahr (Hemitragus hylocrius) in captivity. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 60: 451-454.

Potti, S.P. 1966. A note on the breeding of the Nilgiri tahr Hemitragus hylocrius at Trichur Zoo. International Zoo Yearbook 6: 206.

Rice, C.G. 1984. The behavior and ecology of Nilgiri tahr (Hemitragus hylocrius Ogilby, 1838). Unpubl. Ph.D. Thesis, Texas A and M University, College Station. 254pp.

Rice, C.G. 1985. Courting 'round the mountain. Animal Kingdom 88(6): 22-31.

Rice, C.G. 1985. The Nilgiri tahr. Sanctuary Asia 5: 126-135.

Rice, C.G. 1986. Obervations on predators and prey at Eravikulam National Park, Kerala, India. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 83(2): 283-305.

*Rice, C.G. 1988. Reproductive biology of the Nilgiri tahr (Hemitagus hylocrius Mammalia, Bovidae). Journal of Zoology London 214(2): 269-284.

Rice, C.G. 1988. Notes on the food habits of Nilgiri tahr. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 85: 188-189.

Rice, C.G. 1988. Agonistic and sexual behavior of Nilgiri tahr (Hemitragus hylocrius). Ethology 78(2): 89-112.

Rice, C.G. 1988. The Nilgiri tahr. The India Magazine 8(4): 20-31.

Rice, C.G. 1989. Growth, maturation, and physical characteristics of Nilgiri tahr (Hemitragus hylocrius Ogilby). Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 86(2): 129-134.

Schaller, G. 1971. Observations on the Nilgiri tahr (Hemitragus hylocrius Ogilby, 1838). Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 67: 365-389.

Schoeberl, B.J. 1980. Management of the Nilgiri tahr at the Minnesota Zoological Garden. Pp. 8-12 in Swengel, F. (ed). 1988. 1988 North American Regional Nilgiri Tahr Studbook. Apple Valley, Minnesota: Minnesota Zoological Garden.

Surendra-Varman, K. 1996. Population count of Nilgiri tahr (Hemitragus hylocrius Ogilby) in Mukuruti National Park, Nilgiris, Tamil Nadu, India. Tigerpaper (Bangkok); 23(2): 4-8.

Swengel, F.B. [editor] 1988. 1988 North American Regional Nilgiri Tahr Studbook. Apple Valley, Minnesota: Minnesota Zoological Garden.

Swengel, F. B. 1988. History of the Nilgiri tahr in captivity. Pp. 7-12 in Picher, J. (ed). 1988. 1987 North American Regional Nilgiri Tahr Studbook. Apple Valley, Minnesota: Minnesota Zoological Garden.

Swengel, F.B. 1988. The Nilgiri tahr: A summary and bibliography. Pp. 1-6

Swengel, F.B. 1990. Genetic and demographic status of the Nilgiri tahr in North American zoos. Pp. 6-8 in Chavan, S., Raval, P.P., and Walker, S. (eds.) 1990. Proceedings of the First International Symposium: The Role of Zoos in Wildlife Management. Coimbatore, India: Zoo Outreach Organisation.

Swengel, F.B. 1990. Nilgiri tahr bibliography. AAZPA Librarians Special Interest Group Bibliography Service.

Swengel, F.B., and Pichner, J. 1987. Status and management of the Nilgiri tahr in captivity. 1987 AAZPA Regional Conference Proceedings: 584-589.

Thomas, W.D., Barnes, R., Crotty, M., and Jones, M. 1986. An historical overview of selected rare ruminants in captivity. International Zoo Yearbook; 24/25: 77-99.

Thyagarajan, N. 1958. The vanishing ibex. Indian Forester 84: 188-191.

Willett, J. 1960. The Nilgiri tahr. Animals 12(1): 6-7.

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