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An Ultimate Ungulate Fact Sheet
Cephalophus dorsalis
Bay duiker
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Literature Cited

CITES (Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna) (2011). Appendix I, II, and III as adopted by the Conference of the Parties, valid from 27 April 2011. Available online at the CITES website.

Dittrich, L. (1969). Birth weights and weight increases of African antelopes born at Hanover Zoo. International Zoo Yearbook 9: 118-120.

*Dubost, G. (1983). Le comportement de Cephalophus monticola Thumberg et C. dorsalis Gray et la place des céphalophes au sein des ruminants, Part I. Mammalia 47(2): 141-177.

*Dubost, G., and Feer, F. (1992). Saisons de reproduction des petits ruminants dans le nord-est du Gabon, en fonction des variations des ressources alimentaires. Mammalia 56(1): 25-43.

East, R. [compiler] (1999). African Antelope Database 1998. IUCN/SSC Antelope Specialist Group. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK: IUCN.

*Feer, F. (1989). The use of space by two sympatric duikers (Cephalophus callipygus and Cephalophus dorsalis) in an African rainforest - the role of activity rhythms. Revue d'Ecologie la Terre et la Vie 44(3): 225-248.

*Feer, F. (1989). Comparative diet of Cephalophus callipygus and C. dorsalis, sympatric bovids of the African sempervirent forest. Mammalia 53(4): 563-620.

Happold, D.C.D. (1973). Large Mammals of West Africa. London: Longman Group, Ltd.

Happold, D.C.D. (1987). The Mammals of Nigeria. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

IUCN SSC Antelope Specialist Group (2008). Cephalophus dorsalis. In: IUCN 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2010.2. Available online at the IUCN Red List website.

Kingdon, J. (1997). The Kingdon Field Guide to African Mammals. Academic Press, London and New York: NaturalWorld.

Lydekker, R. (1914). Catalogue of the Ungulate Mammals in the British Museum (Natural History). Johnson Reprint Corporation, New York.

Newing, H. (2001). Bushmeat hunting and management: implications on duiker ecology and interspecific competition. Biodiversity and Conservation 10(1): 99-108.

Walther, F.R. (1990). Duikers and Dwarf Antelopes. Pp. 325-343 in: Parker, S.P. [ed.] Grzimek's Encyclopedia of Mammals. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Weigl, R. (2005). Longevity of Mammals in Captivity: from the living collections of the world. E Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandling, Stuttgart.

Wilson, V.J. (2001). Duikers of Africa: Masters of the African forest floor. Zimbi Books, South Africa.

Additional Resources

Ansell, W.H.F. (1972). Part 15, Order Artiodactyla. Pp 1-84 in: Meester, J., and Setzer, H.W. The Mammals of Africa: an identification manual. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press.

*Barnes, R.F.W. (2002). The bushmeat boom and bust in West and Central Africa. Oryx 36(3): 236-242.

Barnes, R., Greene, K., Holland, J., and Lamm, M. (2002). Management and husbandry of duikers at the Los Angeles Zoo. Zoo Biology 21(2): 107-121.

*Bowman, V., and Plowman, A. (2002). Captive duiker management at the Duiker and Mini-Antelope Breeding and Research Institute (Dambari), Bulawayo, Zimbabwe. Zoo Biology 21(2): 161-170.

*Coe, M.J. (1975). Mammalian ecological studies on Mount Nimba, Liberia. Mammalia 39: 523-581.

*Conklin-Brittain, N.L., and Dierenfeld, E. S. (1996). Small Ruminants: Digestive capacity differences among four species weighing less than 20 Kg. Zoo Biology 15(5): 481-490.

*Dubost, G. (1979). The size of African forest artiodactyls as determined by the vegetation structure. African Journal of Ecology 17(1): 1-18.

*Dubost, G. (1983). Le comportement de Cephalophus monticola Thumberg et C. dorsalis Gray et la place des céphalophes au sein des ruminants, Part I. Mammalia 47(2): 141-177.

*Dubost, G. (1983). Le comportement de Cephalophus monticola Thumberg et C. dorsalis Gray et la place des céphalophes au sein des ruminants, Part II. Mammalia 47(3): 281-310.

*Dubost, G. (1984). Comparison of the diets of frugivorous forest mammals of Gabon. Journal of Mammalogy 65(2): 298-316.

*Feer, F. (1995). Seed dispersal in African forest ruminants. Journal of Tropical Ecology 11(4): 683-689.

*Frädrich, H. (1964). Beobachtungen zur Kreuzung zwischen Schwarzrückenducker, Cephalophus dorsalis Gray 1846, und Zebraducker, Cephalophus zebra Gray 1838. Zeitschrift fur Säugetierekunde 29: 46-51.

*Gautier-Hion, A., Emmons, L.H., and Dubost, G. (1980). A comparison of the diets of three major groups of primary consumers of Gabon (primates, squirrels and ruminants). Oecologia (Berlin) 45: 182-189.

*Heymans, J.C. (1975). Contribution a la determination des Cephalophines (Bovides) de la Region du Haut-Zaire. Naturalistes Belges 56(9): 329-336.

*Heymans, J., and Lejoly, J. (1981). Sur la répartition des Cephalophinae en foret ombrophile. Revue de Zoologie Africaine 95: 1-10.

Karesh, W.B., Hart, J.A., Hart, T.B., House, C., Torres, A., Dierenfeld, E.S., Braselton, W.E., Puche, H., and Cook, R.A. (1995). Health evaluation of five sympatric duiker species (Cephalophus spp.). Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 26(4): 485-502.

Kudo, H., and Mitani, M. (1985). New record of predatory behavior by the mandrill Mandrillus sphinx in Cameroon. Primates 26(2): 161-167.

*Noss, A.J. (1998). The impacts of cable snare hunting on wildlife populations in the forests of the Central African Republic. Conservation Biology 12(2): 390-398.

*Noss, A.J. (1998). The impacts of BaAka net hunting on rainforest wildlife. Biological Conservation 86(2): 161-167.

*Pinger, C. (1993). The captive breeding and management of the black-backed duiker at the Memphis Zoo. Pp. 37-39 in: Chan, S.D. [ed]. Proceedings of the 20th National Conference of the American Association of Zoo Keepers, Inc. Atlanta, Georgia, October 10-14, 1993. Topeka, Kansas: American Association of Zoo Keepers.

*Plowman, A.B. (2002). Nutrient intake and apparent digestibility of diets consumed by captive duikers at the Dambari Field Station, Zimbabwe. Zoo Biology 21(2): 135-147.

Robinson, T.J., Wilson, V., Gallagher, D.S. Jr, Taylor, J.F., Davis, S.K., Harrison, W.R., and Elder, F.F.B. (1996). Chromosomal evolution in duiker antelope (Cephalophinae: Bovidae): Karyotype comparisons, fluorescence in situ hybridization, and rampant X chromosome variation. Cytogenetics and Cell Genetics 73: 116-122.

*Thomas, O. (1892). On the antelopes of the genus Cephalophus. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1892: 413-430.

*van Vliet, N., Nasi, R., Emmons, L., Feer, F., Mbazza, P., and Bourgarel, M. (2007). Evidence for the local depletion of bay duiker Cephalophus dorsalis, within the Ipassa Man and Biosphere Reserve, north-east Gabon. African Journal of Ecology 45: 440–443

*van Vuuren, B.J., and Robinson, T.J. (2001). Retrieval of four adaptive lineages in duiker antelope: Evidence from mitochondrial DNA sequences and fluorescence in situ hybridization. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 20(3): 409-425.

*Wilson, V.J., and Wilson, B.L.P. (1990). Notes on the duikers of Sierra Leone. Arnoldia-Zimbabwe 9(33): 451-462.

Quick Facts Detailed Information References