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An Ultimate Ungulate Fact Sheet
Cephalophus weynsi
Weyns's duiker
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Common name:
Scientific name:
Other names:
Weyns's duiker
Cephalophus weynsi
Céphalophe de Weyns, Makpolo, Ange, Inge, Mongee, Mangele, Mungele, Mu`Nju

Weyns's duiker is sometimes classified as an eastern subspecies of Peters' duiker (Cephalophus callipygus) or as a form of Harvey's duiker (Cephalophus harveyi). Most authors currently consider it as a species unto itself.

Physical Characteristics

Head and body length: 94-100 cm
Shoulder height: 55 cm
Tail length: 10-20 cm
Adult weight: 15.9-19.5 kg

The overall coloration is chestnut brown or dull red with an olive tone; individuals from the eastern part of the species's range (subspecies C. w. lestradei and C. w. johnstoni) tend to be darker than those from Central Africa (C. w. weynsi). Eastern populations also tend to be smaller in size. In all populations, the underparts are paler and the legs are dark. The dorsal midline tends to be more darkerly colored than the rest of the body; in some individuals, this forms an indistinct dorsal stripe that lacks sharp borders. The front of the face tends to be chocolate brown, with a mixture of red and black hairs on the forehead; the forehead crest is well developed and bright red. Both sexes have horns, although those of females are always much shorter: 1/3 to 1/2 the length of those of males, whose horn bases are distinctly swollen. Typical horn length for males varies between 8.7 and 11.1 cm; female horn length is 3.3-5.5 cm.

Similar species

Reproduction and Development

Nothing is known of the breeding habits or development of Weyns's duiker, although basic biology is likely similar to that of other red forest duikers. Juveniles have a speckled appearance due to individual hair banding patterns.

Ecology and Behavior

Very little is known about Weyns's duiker. The species is primarily diurnal, and appears to be more social than other duikers, often living in small family parties of two to five individuals. It is the most common medium-sized duiker in its range and is especially common in mature mixed forest, with population densities averaging 11.2 animals per km2 (up to 15.6 per km2 in optimal habitat). In contrast, population densities in forest patches dominated by mbau (Gilbertiodendron dewevrei) are very low, averaging just 0.06 animals per km2. Weyns's duiker is a selective feeder, varying its diet with the available fruiting species. In South Sudan, it has been observed browsing on conifer seedlings in a plantation setting.
Family group: Solitary or in small groups of up to five animals.
Diet: Mostly fruit (ripe, unripe, and seeds); also foliage, flowers, and fungi.
Main Predators: Leopard.

Habitat and Distribution

Inhabits lowland and montane rainforest in Central Africa, with an altitudinal range between 400 and 3,000 metres. The approximate range is depicted in the map below.

Range Map
(IUCN SSC Antelope Specialist Group, 2016)

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List: Least Concern (2016).
CITES Listing: Not listed (2017).
Threats: Hunting is the principal threat; habitat loss to a lesser extent.

The world population was estimated to be around 188,000 in 1999, based on density estimates. This species is hunted extensively, but appears to be relatively resilient to moderate hunting pressure.

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