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An Ultimate Ungulate Fact Sheet
Tayassu pecari
White-lipped peccary
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Literature Cited

Altrichter, M., C. Drews, E. Carrillo, and J. Saenz. 2001. Sex ratio and breeding of white-lipped peccaries Tayassu pecari (Artiodactyla : Tayassuidae) in a Costa Rican rain forest. Revista de Biología Tropical; 49(1): 383-389.

Altrichter, M., C. Drews, J. C. Saenz, and E. Carrillo. 2002. Presupuesto de Tiempo del Chancho Cariblanco (Tayassu pecari) en un Bosque Hu´medo de Costa Rica. [Time budget of the white-lipped peccary (Tayassu pecari) in a Costa Rican Rainforest]. Biotropica; 34(1): 136-143.

Carrillo, E., J. C. Saenz, and T. K. Fuller. 2002. Movements and activities of white-lipped peccaries in Corcovado National Park, Costa Rica. Biological Conservation; 108(3): 317-324.

CITES (Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna). 2009. Appendix I, II, and III as adopted by the Conference of the Parties, valid from 22 May 2009. Available online at the CITES website.

Gotch, A. F. 1995. Latin names explained: A guide to the scientific classification of reptiles, birds, and mammals. New York: Facts on File, Inc.

Reyna-Hurtado, R., A. Taber, M. Altrichter, J. Fragoso, A. Keuroghlian, and H. Beck. 2008. Tayassu pecari. In IUCN 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2010.1. . Available online at the IUCN Redlist website.

Keuroghlian, A., D. P. Eaton, and W. S. Longland. 2004. Area use by white-lipped and collared peccaries (Tayassu pecari and Tayassu tajacu) in a tropical forest fragment. Biological Conservation; 120(3): 411-425.

Kiltie, R. A. 1981a. Stomach contents of rain forest peccaries (Tayassu tajacu and T. pecari). Biotropica; 13(3): 234-236.

Kiltie, R. A. 1981b. Distribution of palm fruits on a rain forest floor: why white-lipped peccaries forage near objects? Biotropica; 13(2): 141-145.

Kiltie, R. A. 1982. Bite force as a basis for niche differentation between rain forest peccaries (Tayassu tajacu and T. pecari). Biotropica; 14(3): 188-195.

March, I. J. 1993. The White-lipped Peccary (Tayassu pecari). In Pigs, Peccaries and Hippos: Status Survey and Action Plan. Edited by W. L. R. Oliver. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN. Available online at the Pig, Peccary, and Hippo Specialist Group website.

Mayer, J. J., and R. M. Wetzel. 1987. Tayassu pecari. Mammalian Species; 293: 1-7.

Nowak, R. M. [editor]. 1991. Walker's Mammals of the World (Fifth Edition). Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press.

Schmidt, C. R. 1990. Peccaries. In Grzimek's Encyclopedia of Mammals. Edited by S. P. Parker. New York: McGraw-Hill. Volume 5, pp. 48-55.

Wilson, D. E., and D. M. Reeder [editors]. 1993. Mammal Species of the World (Second Edition).Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press. Available online at the Mammal Species of the World website.

Additional Resources

Altrichter, M., and R. Almeida. 2002. Exploitation of white-lipped peccaries Tayassu pecari (Artiodactyla : Tayassuidae) on the Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica. Oryx; 36(2): 126-132.

Altrichter, M., J. C. Saenz, E. Carrillo, and T. K. Fuller. 2000. Dieta estacional del Tayassu pecari (Artiodactyla: Tayassuidae) en el Parque Nacional Corcovado, Costa Rica [Seasonal diet of Tayassu pecari (Artiodactyla : Tayassuidae) in Corcovado National Park, Costa Rica]. Revista de Biología Tropical; 48(2-3): 689-701

Altrichter, M., E. Carrillo, J. Saenz, and T. K. Fuller. 2001. White-lipped peccary (Tayassu pecari, Artiodactyla : Tayassuidae) diet and fruit availability in a Costa Rican rain forest. Revista de Biología Tropical; 49(3-4): 1183-1192.

Barreto, G. R., and O. E. Hernández. 1988. Aspectos bioecológicos de los báquiros (Tayassu tajacu y T. pecari) en el Estado de Cojedes: Estudio comparativo. Tesis de licenciatura. Esc. de Biol., Univ. Central de Venezuela, Caracas: 98 pp.

Bodmer, R. E., T. G. Fang, and L. Moya. 1988. Estudio y manejo de los pecaríes (Tayassu tajacu y T. pecari) en la Amazonia Peruana. Matero. Univ. Nal. de la Amazon¡a Peruana. Lima 2: 18-25.

Dubost, G. 2001. Comparison of the social behaviour of captive sympatric peccary species (genus Tayassu); correlations with their ecological characteristics. Mammalian Biology; 66(2): 65-83.

Dubost, G., C. Dutertre, and O. Henry. 2003. Body weight increase in the two peccary species of the genus Tayassu (Tayassuidae, Artiodactyla). Mammalia; 67(1): 55-63.

Dutertre, C., G. Dubost, F. Feer, O. Henry, and R. Mauget. 2001. Behaviours of collared and white-lipped peccaries (Tayassu tajacu and T. pecari) in relation to sexual receptivity of the female. Acta Theriologica; 46(3): 305-318.

Figueira, M. D., C. R. O. Carrer, and P. B. S. Neto. 2003. Weight gain and evolution of a wild white-lipped peccaries under extensive and semi-extensive systems, on a Savanna area. Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia; 32(1): 191-199.

Fragoso, J. M. V. 1994. Large mammals and the community dynamics of an Amazonian rain forest. PhD dissertation, University of Florida,Gainsville.

Fragoso, J. M. V. 1998. Home range and movement patterns of white-lipped peccary (Tayassu pecari) herds in the northern Brazilian Amazon. Biotropica; 30(3): 458 –469.

Fragoso, J. M. V. 1999. Perception of scale and resource partitioning by peccaries: behavioral causes and ecological implications. Journal of Mammalogy; 80: 993 –1003.

Fuller, T. K., E. Carrillo, and J. C. Saenz. 2002. Survival of protected white-lipped peccaries in Costa Rica. Canadian Journal of Zoology; 80(3): 586-589.

Gottdenker, N. L. 2003. Resource availability relative to white-lipped peccary (Tayassu pecari) populations in a Bolivian tropical forest landscape. Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting Abstracts; 88: 126.

Kiltie, R. A. 1980. More on Amazon Cultural Ecology. Current Anthropology; 21: 541-546.

Kiltie, R. A. 1981a. The function of interlocking canines in rain forest peccaries (Tayassuidae). Journal of Mammalogy; 62(3): 459-469.

Kiltie, R. A., and J. Terborgh. 1976. Ecology and behavior of rain forest peccaries in southern Peru. National Geographic Research Report: 873-882.

Kiltie, R. A., and J. Terborgh. 1983. Observations on the behavior of rain forest peccaries in Perú: why do white-lipped peccaries form herds?. Zeitschrift fur Tierpsychologie; 62: 241-255.

Maffei, L. F. 2003. Age structure of two hunted peccary species in the Bolivian Chaco (Tayassu tajacu and T. pecari). Mammalia; 67(4): 575-578.

*Pontes, A. R. M. 2004. Ecology of a community of mammals in a seasonally dry forest in Roraima, Brazilian Amazon. Mammalian Biology; 69(5): 319-336.

Sowls, L. K. 1984. The Peccaries. University of Arizona Press: Tucson. 251 pp.

Waterhouse, J. S., M. Hudson, J. A. Pickett, and P. J. Weldon. 2001. Volatile components in dorsal gland secretions of the white-lipped peccary, Tayassu pecari, from Bolivia. Journal of Chemical Ecology; 27(12): 2459-2469.

Quick Facts Detailed Information References