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An Ultimate Ungulate Fact Sheet
Kobus vardonii
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Literature Cited

Corti, G., Fanning, E., Gordon, S., Hinde, R.J., and Jenkins, R.K.B. 2002. Observations on the puku antelope (Kobus vardoni Livingstone, 1857) in the Kilombero Valley, Tanzania. African Journal of Ecology 40(2): 197-200.

de Vos, A., & Dowsett, R.J. 1966. The behaviour and population structure of three species of the genus Kobus. Mammalia 30: 30–55.

Dipotso, F.M., and Skarpe, C. 2006. Population status and distribution of puku in a changing riverfront habitat in northern Botswana. South African Journal of Wildlife Research 36(1): 89-97.

Goldspink, C.R., Holland, R.K., Sweet, G., and Stjernstedt, R. 1998. A note on the distribution and abundance of puku, Kobus vardoni Livingstone, in Kasanak National Park, Zambia. African Journal of Ecology 36(1): 23-33.

IUCN SSC Antelope Specialist Group. 2016. Kobus vardonii. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T11037A50189881. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T11037A50189881.en. Downloaded on 03 June 2017.

Kingdon, J. 1997. The Kingdon Field Guide to African Mammals. Academic Press, London and New York.

Lydekker, R. 1914. Catalogue of the Ungulate Mammals in the British Museum (Natural History). Johnson Reprint Corporation, New York.

O'Shaughnessy, R., Cain, J.W. III, and Owen-Smith, N. 2014. Comparative diet and habitat selection of puku and lechwe in northern Botswana. Journal of Mammalogy 95(5): 933-942.

Rosser, A.M. 1989. Environmental and reproductive seasonality of puku, Kobus vardoni, in Luangwa Valley, Zambia. African Journal of Ecology 27(1): 77-88.

Rosser, A.M. 1990. A glandular neckpatch secretion and vocalizations act as signals of territorial status in male puku Kobus vardoni. African Journal of Ecology 28(4): 314-321.

Rosser, A.M. 1992. Resource distribution density and determinants of mate access in puku. Behavioral Ecology 3(1): 13-24.

von Richter, W., and Osterberg, R. 1977. The nutritive value of some major food plants of lechwe, puku, and waterbuck along the Chobe River, Botswana. East African Wildlife Journal 15(2): 91-98.

Additional Resources

*East, R. [compiler] (1999). African Antelope Database 1998. IUCN/SSC Antelope Specialist Group, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Wilson, D.E. and Reeder, D.M. [eds] (1993). Mammal Species of the World (Second Edition). Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press. Available online at the Mammal Species of the World website.

Balmford, A., Rosser, A.M., and Albon, S.D. (1992). Correlates of female choice in resource-defending antelope. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 31(2): 107-114.

*Birungi, J., and Arctander, P. (2001). Molecular systematics and phylogeny of the Reduncini (Artiodactyla: Bovidae) inferred from the analysis of mitochondrial cytochrome b gene sequences. Journal of Mammalian Evolution 8(2): 125-147.

Child, G., & von Richter, W. 1969. Observations on Ecology and Behaviour of Lechwe, Puku and Waterbuck along the Chobe River, Botswana. Zeitschrift für Saeugetierkunde 34: 275–295.

Deutsch, J.C. (1994). Lekking by default: Female habitat preferences and male strategies in Uganda kob. Journal of Animal Ecology 63(1): 101-115.

*Jenkins, R.K.B., Corti, G.R., Fanning, E., and Roettcher, K. (2002). Management implications of antelope habitat use in the Kilombero Valley, Tanzania. Oryx 36(2): 161-169.

*Jenkins, R.K.B., Maliti, H.T., and Corti, G.R. (2003). Conservation of the puku antelope (Kobus vardoni, Livingstone) in the Kilombero Valley, Tanzania. Biodiversity and Conservation 12(4): 787-797.

Rodgers, W.A. (1982). The decline of large mammal populations on the Lake Rukwa grasslands, Tanzania. African Journal of Ecology 20(1): 13-22. QL 337.E25 E3

Rodgers, W.A. (1984). Status of puku Kobus vardoni in Tanzania. African Journal of Ecology 22(2): 117-126.

Spinage, C.A. (1982). A Territorial Antelope: the Uganda Waterbuck. Academic Press, London and New York.

Spinage, C.A. (1994). First discoveries of new antelopes in Botswana. Botswana Notes and Records 26: 109-113.

Stafford, K.J., and Stafford, Y.M. (1990). Stomach of the puku. African Journal of Ecology 28(3): 250-252.

Tembo, A. (1995). A survey of large mammals in Sioma-Ngwezi National Park, Zambia. African Journal of Ecology 33(2): 173-174.

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